January 12, 2023: Melmark New England
Practical and Translational Applications of Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcement when Working with Clients Engaging in Problem Behavior
Patrick Romani, Ph.D.
- 3 Learning Credits
Research estimates that 12.5% of individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities engage in severe forms of problem behavior, including aggression, property destruction, and self-injury. When the severity of these problem behaviors prohibit use of common behavioral assessment (e.g., functional analysis of problem behavior) and treatment procedures (e.g., extinction), practitioners and researchers alike have found benefit to using concurrent schedules arrangements. Concurrent schedules arrangements afford behavior analysts opportunities to study client choice making between two concurrently available options. For example, a client might choose between completing two academic tasks to earn a 5-min break with a preferred item and engaging in aggression to receive a 30-s break alone. This workshop will focus on common uses of concurrent schedules arrangements to assess and treat severe problem behaviors. A focus will be placed on understanding how to use dimensions of reinforcement to affect choice responding. In addition to practical applications of concurrent schedules arrangements, we will discuss translational topics including the matching law, behavioral economics, and resurgence as choice.